Chrysanthemums always signal the coming of fall, and make a beautiful addition to any floral arrangement. When caring for chrysanthemums, it's important to remember that their leaves often deteriorate faster than the flowers themselves, so be sure to remove the drooping foliage as soon as possible. Chrysanthemums often suffer from blocked stems, so care for them daily and you can expect your blooms to last between seven and 12 days.
Dissolve the accompanying flower food in a vase filled with fresh, cool water. Remove any leaves that will be submerged under water to prevent bacteria from growing in the vase. Diagonally cut about an inch off the bottom of each stem so they can efficiently absorb water. Cut the stems and change the water once a day. You'll also need to feed your chrysanthemums, so once you run out of the supplied food, use a combination of sugar and bleach - 1 teaspoon of sugar and two drops of bleach - mixed into a gallon of water.
Chrysanthemums should be placed in a cool area away from heating vents and drafty areas. Because they release a high amount of ethylene, which is damaging to other types of flowers, keep them away from other flowers and plants.
First cultivated in China in the 15th century, chrysanthemums came to the U.S. at the end of the 1700s. They're also the official flower of Japan. During Victorian times, people considered chrysanthemums as a symbol of friendship and good-tidings for those needing rest, so they hardly ever gifted crimson red varieties. In today's society, chrysanthemums symbolize positivity and overall joyfulness. However, New Orleans residents use them during their All Saints Day events, where they serve to honor the dead.
Chrysanthemums, which are the birth flower for the month of November, have a variety of meanings, including non-romantic affection; cheerfulness; enduring life; loyalty; and devotion. It's also the official flower celebrating 13th wedding anniversaries.